The history of Uganda
Uganda is a beautiful country set in the middle of Africa, crossed by the Nile, which is home to the sources, watered by large lakes such as Lake Victoria and Lake Albert, rich in vegetation and wildlife, home of gorillas mountain .
Unfortunately, as with many countries of this world, its history is full of oppression, dictatorships and tragedies.
After independence from England, which was a colony until 1962, the country has suffered a decade of bloody dictatorship under Idi Amin Dada, who has embarked on a long chain of killings and mass expulsions.
Since the eighties the country is governed by President Museveni and since 1987 has faced more than two decades of civil war, waged by the Lord’s Resistance Army (Lord’s Resistance Army) of Joseph Kony.
The war begun as a tribal war (the Acholi tribe in the North, which is part of Kony, against the Baganda tribe in the South, where they belong to Museveni and more generally the dominant ethnic group), soon came to hit more directly the civilian population and the tragically Acholi themselves, making thousands of deaths, hundreds of thousands of refugees, orphans and affecting more than two million children. Kony so quickly lost the support they initially enjoyed among the Acholi, but did not give up.
Until 2008 completely devastated northern Uganda: the inhabitants lived in terror, and over 90% of them were accommodated in refugee camps set up emergency relief organizations, in terrible hygienic conditions, including starvation and epidemics, and with a life expectancy that did not come in 30 years.
Finally in 2008 peace talk took place and peace agreement was signed the peace, although Kony is still at large. Since then Uganda is slowly recovering, many villages have been reconstructed, the refugee camps dismantled and the economy is recovering. The population is growing rapidly, with more than 50% of the population under the age of 15 years is a nation of children, or a nation looking to the future.
The latest UN report on human development, published in 2013, shows how Uganda, with the end of the war has made substantial progress in several areas socio-economic: for example, the proportion of people in extreme poverty has been halved, from 54% to 24% of the nineties, and literacy has increased to 73%.
The increased access to education of the female population has also led to a reduction of neonatal and maternal mortality in childbirth, and children under 5 years (although there are still 6%). Even the average income has grown, reaching $1,424 per year per capita.
There is still much to do, but these data are encouraging and show that for Uganda another future is possible.